Have you ever heard the saying, “a penny saved is a penny earned”?
In case you haven’t, it refers to the idea that money saved is more valuable than money spent right away. The proverb was originally crafted based on the idea that saving money is a good thing.
And who can argue with that, right?
But the benefits of this idea extend beyond a savings account at your local bank. In fact, most life lessons can be applied directly to trading in some way, shape or form. And make no mistake about it, there is much to be gained by applying this concept of saving money to the way you manage your Forex trading account.
Those who have followed me for any length of time know that I’m a huge advocate of the “less is more” approach to trading. In other words, the less you trade, the more money you will ultimately make, assuming you have a profitable strategy, of course.
But this idea of a penny saved is a penny earned, or perhaps in our case, a pip saved is a pip earned, is a bit different. While it still revolves around a minimalist approach to trading, it tackles the subject from a less obvious angle – it highlights the value of not losing.
It’s okay if that doesn’t make perfect sense at the moment, because it will by the time you finish reading this article.
An Unconventional Approach
If the statement above regarding the value of not losing sounds odd or even unconventional, I suppose it’s because it is. As human beings we have a tendency to view things in a manner that would ultimately benefit us.
For example, if I asked you why you got involved with Forex trading in the first place, chances are you would say to make money or even to become wealthy. Granted, I believe that trading for the sole purpose of making money is a misdirected approach, but that’s another topic entirely.
Chances are, you wouldn’t answer that question with, I began trading Forex to not lose money. Or, I began trading Forex to not be poor.
See the difference? One set of answers tackles the question from an offensive point of view while the others take a more defensive stance.
Both of the latter responses probably sound a tad ridiculous. Funny thing is, they are (in my opinion) more appropriate responses than saying you want to make tons of money and become wealthy.
Don’t get me wrong, it’s okay to want wealth. If that’s your driving force, go for it. But if that’s your sole purpose and focus every time you sit down in front of your trading platform, you are destined to fail.
The reason is simple. When you think about putting on a trade, your mind naturally begins to focus on how much money that position will add to your account. It’s human nature to want to focus on the reward rather than the risk.
But as natural as it may be, it’s an entirely misdirected approach.
If you want to last in this business, your first thought should be how much of a dent that position could put in your trading account. In other words, how much you could lose if the market turns against you.
Not only will a defensive mindset help keep you out of trouble, it will ultimately help you grow your trading account. This is because, as I’m about to show you, taking excessive trading losses is more destructive than most realize. Or rather, most traders fail to realize the extent of the destruction until it’s too late.
The Numbers Don’t Lie
The best way to illustrate the adverse affects of excessive losses is to, well, illustrate it. The chart below shows the percentage of gains needed to offset trading losses, where the green line represents gains and the red line represents losses.
As you can see from the chart above, if you were to lose 50% of your account, it would take a 100% gain to make back that loss. That’s a pretty tall order to ask of any Forex trader.
And if you were to lose 80% of your trading account, it would take a massive 400% gain to get back to breakeven.
What’s more, if you truly intend to recover those losses and effectively move forward, it must be done in a safe and strategic manner. Simply throwing money at the market in hopes of making it all back will only serve to dig a deeper hole. Anyone who has tried knows that to be true.
So there you have it, the numbers don’t lie. Taking excessive losses is extremely damaging to your trading account. It’s why I practice and preach a “less is more” approach to trading. It’s also why I believe that having no position is having a position.
But don’t take it from me, just ask Bill Lipschutz, who said the following…
If most traders would learn how to sit on their hands 50% of the time, they would make a lot more money.
What he’s referring to there is the power of doing nothing. As surprising as it may seem, your priority as a trader should not be to make money. Your top priority should be to protect your capital, making money comes second.
The Less Visual Side of Forex Trading
Without question, the figures provided above paint a bleak picture when it comes to taking unnecessary losses. There is no better way to explain the effects of consistently losing money in the Forex market than with cold, hard numbers.
However, the real tragedy, if you will, of losing money on a consistent basis is the emotional damage it does. Taking unnecessary losses can wreak havoc on your emotional stability, which in turn greatly reduces any confidence you may have had in your abilities as a trader.
If you have traded for any length of time, you know that having a strong mental game is a key element if you intend to find success. You can have the best, most advantageous trading strategy in the world, but if your mental game is broken, you don’t stand a fighting chance.
This brings us to a universal truth – the best way to protect your mental health as a trader is to avoid taking unnecessary losses.
You’re probably thinking that the statement above is obvious and therefore of little help. But don’t be too quick to brush it off. This is one of those obvious, yet seldom followed truths in the world of trading. And those who fully embrace it are at least starting to find success, mark my words.
All that aside, avoiding unnecessary losses is easier said than done. But the good news is that there are a few simple things you can do to help cut down on losses and thus, build your trading account in a manageable and sustainable way.
A Few Simple Ideas
Now that you know how damaging taking losses can be in the Forex market, you are probably asking…
Okay, but how do I avoid such losses?
Before I get into a few simple ideas you can implement to help minimize the damage from unnecessary trading losses, let me be very clear in saying that losses are a necessary part of trading. You can’t trade a financial market without taking losses along the way.
However, these losses should not be viewed as a bad things. Instead, see them as a learning experience rather than a black mark on your abilities as a Forex trader. In time, you will begin to see them as business expenses that are a necessary part of the profession you chose.
With that out of the way, there are a few simple ways to cut down on the losses you take.
Here are a few of my favorite…
Trade from the daily time frame
If you’re serious about trading price action, the daily time frame needs to become your secret weapon. Although the time frame in and of itself isn’t so secret, the advantage it brings to the table is hugely overlooked.
Why is that, you ask?
In my opinion it’s because most Forex traders believe that the lower time frames provide more setups and therefore offers a way to make more money faster.
This couldn’t be further from the truth. After all, there is a reason why most of the big names in the business, from Bill Lipschutz to Bruce Kovner to George Soros, all focus most of their attention on the higher time frames.
Not only will the daily chart provide clearer trade ideas, it will help you to become more selective about where to allocate capital, thus allowing you to trade less frequently and ultimately make more money.
Give yourself a limit
Many Forex traders want to believe that they can earn 10 pips each and every day. The idea is that it allows you to compound your gains quickly in order to “fast track” your way to wealth.
Although it sounds great on paper, it doesn’t quite work that way for reasons I have previously mentioned.
I say, do the opposite. Instead of setting a goal of how many pips you want to make each day, give yourself a limit of how many trades you can take each month. To be clear, this is a limit rather than a goal.
For example, if you are trading from the higher time frames and being selective about the setups you pursue, you really shouldn’t be taking more than 10 trades each month, 15 at the most.
By setting a limit for yourself of 10 trades each month, it will force you to be more selective about the setups you take, which will in turn help you grow your account that much faster.
And if you really want to challenge yourself, set your limit at 5 trades per month. Just know that once those trades are exhausted, you can’t trade until the next month.
Know when to walk away
This is perhaps the most important of the three. Truth is, most “excessive” losses don’t transpire over the course or days, weeks or months. Instead, they manifest themselves over a much shorter period of time, typically just 24 hours.
How do I know this?
Simple, I had to start somewhere too. I know all too well the temptation of revenge trading – the type of trading where, instead of reducing position size after a loss, you increase it in an attempt to win back the money you just lost.
I don’t have to tell you how destructive this kind of behavior can be. Chances are, if you’ve traded for any length of time you’ve already suffered through a similar situation.
Luckily, the solution is as simple as it gets. All you have to do is learn to walk away. It won’t be easy, but walking away from your trading desk when things aren’t going your way is absolutely essential if you intend to survive in the Forex market.
And if you implemented a trading limit as specified above, know that every single “revenge trade” you take counts against your limit. This alone will help deter you from taking additional trades immediately following a loss.
In many ways, the value of not losing is synonyms with the power of doing nothing, whereby you protect your trading capital through patience and discipline. As tempting as it may be to trade frequently, keep in mind that it only takes one good trade each month to make a considerable amount of money as a Forex trader.
Start trading from the daily chart, implement a monthly trading limit for yourself or simply learn to walk away after a loss. Regardless of how you choose to go about it, your number one priority should always be to protect your capital, because bringing your account back to breakeven after a string of losses is no easy task.
A key distinction between those who have found success in the market and those who struggle, is that the successful see a trading loss as a learning experience, whereas those who struggle see it as a defining moment.
Never allow yourself to do the latter. Stay in control at all times, remain patient and trade small and you will eventually find what you’re looking for.
What methods or techniques do you utilize to help minimize Forex trading losses?
Share your experience or ask a question below and I’ll be sure to respond.
Great writings Justin.
Shaon, thanks for the feedback.
Hey Justin, Yes…Great article. I do only trade from the Daily Charts and limit my risk to 1% of capital / trade. I try to limit my open trades to just 3 until I am able to move my SL to BE or better; but the temptation on some setups is overpowering and on occasions I may have 4 trades running/at risk.. I love the daily as you only need to check the charts each morning here in Adelaide. Cheers. James.
James, thanks for commenting. It sounds like you are on the right track, and I completely agree with your comment about the daily charts.
Another excellent piece Justin. The Daily is the only timescale but the temptation to trade lower ones, because of the “action” is very great. However sometimes when the ideal Daily setup is missed it can be a problem to enter the trade – any advice please? Trading is so much simpler on the Daily as setups can be much more easily seen. Lot size/risk reward is critical – 1% and a max of 3 trades running so not over exposed. Patience and Capital Preservation!
Chris, many thanks. I assume you’re referring to missing an entry because the market doesn’t pullback, for example? If so, the best thing you can do is miss the setup. Staying disciplined and missing a perfect setup is often more beneficial than profiting from the trade.
Justin This also very good and informative for one never doing this before. And at 85 years young I’m ‘looking forward .Thank you!!!
Bertron, I’m pleased to hear that. Let me know if you need any help along the way.
thanks sir .. i have been reading and following u since 1 month now i am learning a lot ..thanks very much i hope lots of people learn from u sir & start trading on price action so they can make money..
You’re welcome, Sachin. Let me know if you have any questions. Thanks for stopping by.
Very informative write up. But I am totally new in Forex and to be sincere with you I have blown my account four times. The fourth just happened last week. Despite I still wanna trade forex and be a success I am not giving up. But how do you trade on a daily chart with a very small account of $100 or less and still be successful? Please give me a practical advice . I need help Justine.
Hi Joe, as long as your broker offers micro lots you should be good to go. With that said, if you find yourself blowing multiple accounts it may be a good idea to go back to demo for a while. Hope that helps.
Very good article, Thank you Justin. Kudos to you! #ThumbsUp
Thanks, June. Pleased to know I could be of help.
Great articles Justine. Thanks.
Although I have two strategies (integrable) one which trades off from daily to weekly another that trades from 30mins.
1. Regardless of number of trades I may have I always limit my daily drowdown to 4% and 8% weekly (my risk per trade is no more than 2%).
2. I don’t trade Tuesdays and Fridays.
3. Also, I keep myself somewhat sane with articles on here.