Every trader wants to know how to identify trends and determine their relative strength. It’s what allows us to trade with momentum rather than against it, which in turn increases the odds of a favorable outcome.
Unfortunately, gauging the strength of a trend isn’t as straightforward a task as some would hope.
Let me rephrase that, the plethora of indicators and techniques that have flooded the financial world over the years have unnecessarily convoluted a relatively simple task.
But I digress…
Yes, it is a simple task. Is it easy? Well, that depends on the techniques and tools you decide to use.
There are three very simple techniques that I will show you today that, with enough practice, will make determining trend strength a much more manageable task.
By the time you finish reading this lesson, you will have a firm understanding of trend characteristics as well as when to know whether to look for a continuation of the current trend or an imminent breakdown.
Let’s get started!
Characteristics of a Trending Market
First and foremost, we need to know how to identify a trending market. Traders have complicated the topic for years, but it’s very simple, I promise.
A trending market is one that is making higher highs followed by higher lows or lower lows followed by lower highs.
If we transform that statement into its visual equivalent, we get the following illustration.
Pretty basic stuff, right?
But before you leave thinking you know about the concept of higher highs, higher lows, etc., there are some concepts later in the lesson that may not be familiar to you. In fact, I would bet that 90% of Forex traders don’t know to look for what I’m about to show you.
In other words, you may want to stick around.
Now comes the fun part – taking this very basic concept of highs and lows and turning it into actionable information.
For that, we turn to the most basic principle of technical analysis.
1. The Highs and Lows Tell the (Whole) Story
Let’s start things off by just visualizing where the highs and lows on a chart have formed over a period. In short, the relationship among highs and lows as they form over time.
All we are doing with this technique is observing where the extended swing highs and lows are within a given trend.
The GBPUSD daily chart below is a perfect example of how something as simple as watching how the highs and lows of a market interact with each other can signal a change in trend.
Notice how over the course of several months, GBPUSD carved out somewhat of a rounding top, which is a valid technical pattern. However, for purposes of this lesson, we’re only interested in using the swing highs and lows to identify a possible change in trend.
In the chart above, the first lower high was the first sign that the uptrend was beginning to fatigue. But it wasn’t until the first lower low that we had a telling indication that the current trend had reversed.
Keep in mind that trend changes won’t always be this obvious. But the signs are always there; you may just have to look a bit harder to find them in some instances.
At this point you may be thinking, this is great and all, but how/where do we enter short?
For that, we need the highs and lows to interact with a key level in a way that offers a favorable setup. In other words, we need to turn the price action you see in the chart above into actionable information.
2. Distance Between Subsequent Retests: A Killer Way to Determine Trend Strength
Now that we have discussed how to use swing highs and lows to gauge the strength of a trend, let’s add a key level into the mix.
There is a common (and costly) misconception among traders in all markets where technical analysis is a traditional method of trading.
Someone at some point in time came up with the notion that support and resistance levels become stronger with each additional retest.
I hate to be the bearer of bad news, but that’s a complete and utter fallacy.
Multiple retests of the same level make that level more visible, they do not make it stronger.
And visible and strong are by no means synonymous.
Think about it, if this were true – that a level became stronger with each additional retest – it would theoretically never break. Because if it didn’t break on the third retest, why would it break on the sixth when it’s supposedly twice as strong?
It doesn’t add up.
So if we can agree that multiple retests of a given level do not make it stronger, we can naturally conclude that it makes the level weaker, right?
Well, not quite. While a market that continually revisits the same area can eventually break through, we don’t have enough data to conclude that it is likely.
For that, we turn to (you guessed it), highs and lows. More specifically, the relationship the highs and lows have with our key level.
The illustration below shows a trending market that is respecting a trend line, however, the distance between each retest has become shorter over time.
Note how the market tested this level as support on four separate occasions since its inception. What many traders tend to dismiss, however, is the shorter time span between each retest as the trend extended higher.
The likely outcome for this type of price action is as follows:
Why does this happen?
In short, it’s the market telling you that demand is drying up. When it comes to supply and demand, as prices move higher, demand naturally begins to run thin as traders a less willing to buy at higher prices.
At the same time, supply increases as market participants unwind their positions to book profits.
In the case of the illustrations above, that demand is drying up more quickly with each subsequent rally from trend line support. Thus, we get a market that begins spending more time trying to keep its head above water than making higher highs.
Of course, this concept also applies to a bearish trend where demand increases and supply decreases as prices drop.
The EURUSD daily chart below is a perfect real-world example of a currency pair that began testing support more rapidly over the course of 256 days.
Notice how each rally spent less time away from support as the trend became extended.
We all know what happened next. The breakdown you see in the chart above was the starting point of the massive 3,300-pip drop that transpired over the next 44 weeks.
If we want to get fancy, we can combine the two techniques we just discussed to further the conviction that a breakdown was imminent.
I will be the first to admit that the pair was not making lower highs before the technical break. However, the fact that a rising wedge formed indicates that each subsequent rally had less bullish conviction than the last.
3. Clustering Price Action: An Early Warning Sign
Last but not least is when price action clusters near a key level. In some ways, this is a combination of the two techniques we just discussed.
I often call this “heavy” price action. The idea of heavy price action is something my members have become very familiar with over the years.
As the term implies, this is when a market begins to put constant pressure on a key level over a short period.
I suppose I should come up with a better word for it since the word heavy only applies to a pair that is putting pressure on a support level. That would make the opposite “light” price action, which doesn’t have the same ring to it.
(I’ll save that for a later discussion with my members.)
At any rate, the idea here is to watch how the market responds to support or resistance within a given period. A typical period would be a few days or maybe a full week if trading from the daily time frame.
If the market begins to cluster or group for an extended period at a key level, chances are the trend is about to break down and reverse.
The illustration below shows what this looks like for a market that is in an uptrend.
Notice how, toward the latter half of the trend above, the market began to cluster just above support. This type of price action leads to a breakdown more times than not.
The AUDJPY weekly chart below is a perfect example.
I can’t tell you how many times I’ve seen this happen at significant support levels. Unfortunately, those who haven’t done their homework find themselves entering in the direction of the trend just before it breaks down.
But don’t be fooled into thinking this technique is only useful on the weekly chart. It can, in fact, be extremely powerful on just about any time frame, even the 1-hour chart.
The annotated chart above is the same one I posted inside the member’s area on November 19, 2014.
Once again, notice how the price action became heavy toward the latter half of this ascending channel, a clear indication that the bullish momentum was not only tiring but that a break was imminent.
The AUDUSD 4-hour chart below paints a fairly bleak picture of what happened next. The result of the breakdown in the chart above was a 680 loss over the next 30 trading days.
While it’s still necessary to wait for a close above or below a key level before considering an entry, understanding how clustering price action can lead to a break will help you avoid being on the wrong side of a trending market.
Determining the strength of a trend doesn’t need to be a complex operation. Something as simple as the three techniques discussed above are all you need to gauge whether a trend is likely to continue or break down.
Keep in mind that all three techniques above are as useful in bearish markets as they are in bullish markets. The charts and patterns above were only used to maintain a consistent theme throughout the lesson, but the techniques discussed above can be utilized in any market and on any time frame.
The best thing any trader can do for themselves whether they are attempting to decipher trend strength or identify key levels is to get back to basics. Every market has its story to tell, and every story can be translated using swing highs and lows.
As I often say, your job as a trader is not to know what will happen next. Rather, your job is to gather the clues the market leaves behind and assemble them in a way that stacks the odds in your favor; and every possible clue is born from the natural ebb and flow of the market.
Frequently Asked Questions
What is a trend in financial markets?
A trend in Forex, the stock market, etc. is when a market moves higher or lower within a specified period of time. It shows whether buyers (uptrend) or sellers (downtrend) are in control.
How do you identify trends?
The best way to identify trends, in my experience, is to use simple price action. Higher highs and higher lows signal an uptrend, while lower highs and lower lows represent a downtrend.
What are the three types of trends?
A long-term (secular) trend is one that lasts for 5 years or longer. An intermediate (primary) trend is one that lasts for 1 year or longer. A short-term (secondary) trend is one that lasts for a few weeks to a few months.
What is the best Forex trend indicator?
It’s incredibly subjective, but one of the best trend indicators out there is raw price action. There’s little need for other indicators when the swing highs and lows in the market tell you all you need to know.
How do you identify a trend reversal?
Reversals occur when a market in an uptrend (higher highs and higher lows) begins to make lower highs and lower lows. On the flip side, a market in a downtrend shows signs of reversing when it begins to carve higher highs followed by higher lows.
How do you currently determine the strength of a trending market? Will you be adding any of the three techniques above to your trading arsenal?
Share your opinion, leave some feedback or ask a question below and I’ll be sure to get back to you.
Hi, Thanks for this lesson . the problem in detecting market direction is not as simple as drawing some channels and seeing the bounces. for example on gbpusd in recent days. there was a decending channel. but it broke out of channel for 2 days. then it came back inside the channel. ( maybe a false breakout ) but again before reaching the bottom of that channel it turned direction. so on the very last candle that u want to enter a trade u won’t know what will happen. seeing higher highs and lower lows on passed candles does not act perfectly on the upcoming candles. for example I place a sell on gbpusd it goes higher. I close that and place a buy , and it drops ! some how the market or broker apps are designed intelligently to hit our stops then rotate!
Farzin, you’re welcome. And you’re right; there is no perfect way of identifying trend strength. Then again, “perfect” doesn’t exist in the world of trading. The best we can do is use the price action on our charts to determine the most likely outcome.
As for GBPUSD, the pair has been range-bound since January. The techniques described in this lesson are to be used to ascertain the strength of a trending market; they won’t be of much help if a market is stuck in a range.
Lately, the intra-day trading is more into vogue because it doesn’t add swaps to your positions and particularly keeps away the overnight risks. The major benefit of Intra-day Forex trading is- a trader can make the potential trades in the news hours, keeping up with the liquidity in his account and can have extra competent check on trades. Therefore, more of the expert traders are inclined towards intra-day trading. The technical analyst’s studies on-line Forex charts and uses the past market action to achieve their foremost goal- forecast a price or trend movement. To predict the drift and the movement of the currencies most of the traders make analysis on the Forex chart.
I am Trader since 2014 and I believe Trend Following Chart Patterns like Triangles, Pennants, Flags, Rectangle. Also Trend Reversal Patterns Like Doji, Hammer, Shooting Star, Head & Shoulders…
Terry, I believe there will always be those who prefer intraday charts over the higher time frames and vice versa. It’s a hugely personal decision and one that usually takes years to form.
Thanks for sharing.
Been on here for almost 3 hours, reading price action techniques and even links in between each post. Really insightful Justin, thanks.
Sam, you’re welcome. Let me know if I can be of any further help. Cheers.
Nice one and very explanatory, I used the clustering P.A to catch a big move on (USDCHF, M30) and it was good. I hope i could share a pic on here
Nice! Once you know what to look for it becomes relatively straightforward. Thanks for stopping by.
i like the simplicity of your explanation, i have learnt something from these
am a new biz i will also like to received lots of training from u can u help me out ?
Eddie-umoh, glad I could be of help. You can learn more about my Forex course and community here https://dailypriceaction.com/forex-price-action-course.
why yes, I always fail to enter the webinar.? Are there certain conditions to enter
Thanks for the lesson.
On The GBPUSD chart above circle #7 forms the first lower low but it seems it was overlooked and instead circle #9 was apparently cherry picked as the first lower low. Likewise there were a series of lower highs forming a cluster between circles #7 and #8, yet #8 was labelled as the first lower high.
I am not familiar with this method of selecting highs and lows. Can you expound further?
Norm, I’m not sure what you’re referring to. I chose the most obvious swing highs and lows in the charts above. Like everything else, there’s some interpretation involved, but I certainly didn’t cherry pick anything for purposes of this lesson. Cheers.
very informative, thanks but i,m a bit struggling on to identify the levels in a correct manner.
Couldn’t resist myself to stop posting this comment. It’s simply great.\
I’m 3 months old with trading … would say I just started, hoping to see you soon.
I am most great-full for these secretes revealed. I have been struggling with my trades in the past years and months with no understanding of the market. but, after reading through your lessons, its like a vile is taken off my eyes. i can now read the charts and understand its direction. God bless you abundantly.
Excellent article. I now see something forming possibly like this on Gbpusd. I’m going to save this page and keep reading it. Thank you.
Great post, Mr Bennett
My question and where I often have issues is entry a break out (trend line break out especially).
There are some cases where a break out and it doesn’t retest
My question is would you consider it as wise to enter a trade immediately after the break or wait for a retest and what do I do if it doesn’t retest the break out area.
i am beginner for Forex market but I have learnt from my friend that the breakout itself is very simple method and easily understood approach but it would also cause a lot of false signal. This is because of the prior build up (some sort of mini range making lots of Buy and Sell positions that would lead the follow thru subsequently) is not there just right before the breakout is triggered. If this prior build up there you won’t see price pullback and have no chance to wait for pullback entry. This would happen more often if the breakout is in down direction.
A great asset to all traders.
You are too much. Thanks a lot. Please, keep it up. I think I can’t fail again as I used to.
So, my questions now are: (1) After i execute such a trade, clustering can also be used to determine when to leave the trade. (2) Allowing such a long trade, can’t fundermental (high impact news) chang the trend?
So Justin can i use daily for direction and 4 hour for entries and yes u said u like pin bar and engulfing so when u enter at break of each? TIA
Thank you Justin 🍀💚🍀
Good Morning traders, how does one know when to enter a trade one the breakout is in motion or I draw the same channel for the breakout mentioned in your lesson?
Thanks for giving us such valuable lesson
Great. i am going to practise it right away. thanks.
Well explained and clearly shown..
I loved it!!
I will make this my first strategy for trading a trend.
somehow this makes very much sense. how can we know more about trend trading with you? I would like to know more from you.
how many candles should you cover in the time frames to get enough info to draw trend lines
I request to know how to use Fibonacci
Brilliant simple explanation…will def help me to be more observative. Thanks for sharing this.
This is great. It has widened my knowledge of entering a trade. God bless you for this exposition.
This is great. It has widened my knowledge of entering a trade. God bless you for this exposition.
Hello Justin, thanks for this. its just fantastic. never thought of the chart in this way, you are very correct. thank alot. God bless
Wooow this is so amazing. I have used this information together with the knowledge I am getting from another site. I am happy my trading has improved. Thank you for the great article.
Wow what a great information for a beginner trader. It is so handson
The clustering techniques I have already read in Bob Volman’ book. First one is the basic and classic technical analysis technique which is very very useful. The second technique which I have learned for the first time and really excited about it.
I would like to use all these three technique in my trading.
I have also bought two of your books from Amazon but not yet started reading I will start those soon now.
Thanks a lot.
Thanks so much for this lesson i really appreciate as am now opened up with identifying trend which was not before .
i envy you.
Have lost so much money in the FX market. Now I see how I have been fooled for years. You are an asset to humanity.
Would appreciate your mentoring me.
Thanks a lot, and please keep up the good work.
Nice and thoughtful especially in the area of support and resistance retests. Really true and eye opening..thanks. Wish to receive mails from you.
You always make it easy to understand. I always enjoy your posts.
Thanks Justin. Still going thru the 6 steps of swing trading.
Hi there Sandi….do you realy make money?
Hi I’m still new on Forex , I usually use 1,5, and 15 minutes charts, my problem is i usually enter a trend late ,What I’m kindly asking is how do you 60% identify a trend early
Great Tips. I love to look also to the moving average brakes and side changing on it. Specially when it combines together with a key suppport or resistence key level
Great explaination..Fully agreed.
Thanks for the lesson, but it does not help at all. I do all the stuff that you explained, for 6 months, but the chart just turn against me, every time. I am thinking of throwing in the towel. When I trade in demo I am successful. And do not even try telling me about emotions…I know it all. And I am trading very small amounts, so emotions are non existing. I did the pipsology.
Very great insights in direction identity.
Cheers. Thanks for stopping by.
what a lesson, just 1 word /perfect/
Glad to hear it, Khanh. Thanks for commenting.
I was using a smaller timeframe, now I see how clear is the bigger timeframe, thank you
Wow what a way to start trading with ease…
Great, this is the simplest and most concise disscusion on detecting trend strength and direction, I have read or seen, thanks.
Tanx Sir .
When do you say a trend line is weak?
I covered that in the post above.
Thank u Justin, I’m so thankful for this lesson and appreciate. As a beginner, I offen struggle to identify the turning points in the market. I regret learning about lagging forex indicators like oscillators. I didn’t know that you can still be able to trade without applying indicators. Now I’ve come to appreciate price action more than anything in the market. Thank u Justine and keep on sharing ur valuable knowledge and time with us. God bless u
how do you determine if they will be a breakout,if its only retested once or twice then breakout….without it showing that the strength is slowing down.
Really an eye opening info
Thank you for the lessons
Very nicely explained in simple manner.
Trend strength is inversely proportional to correction in stock price. is this true? any example you can share if possible.
have learnt something new.
Hello I would like to thank you for your information, this is all I need right now and it helped me a lot, THANK YOU
Hi Justin, this is very very helpful, thanks.
Great insight, you are a good teacher by all standards
Justin good morning from Colombia, in my operation I use these techniques to determine the trend with very good results; My time frame to determine the trend is the daily one and I expect a correlation in 4H and 1H time frames to look for my operations. (Swing Operation); My question is Justin, if I wanted to work in daily trading, what time frame would be my main to determine the trend, the daily, 4H or 1H? Or should I always be aware of the global framework? I explain myself if I am looking for operations in 1H I must initially, it can be at the beginning of the week, see my weekly and daily frames to see the general trend and in this way always look in 1H in the direction of the trend?
Thanks see you soon. ( Translated by Google)
I want to thank you a for these three strategies, the first two which have helped me a lot in improving my trading strategy
Thankyou for the great article Justin.
this is really insightful, Justin. Many thanks for sharing…
Thank you for the lesson. Please can will used this method to trade option trade binary. Please I need your mentorship. Innocent. From Nigeria
Thanks a lot for this wonderful input.
Wow…This is insightful
One can’t really stop learning this forex trading of a thing
Thanks for this lesson. Really insightful. I have been trying to understand how volume work in the financial market lately, can you shed light on how volume relates to trend in trading.
I mean isn’t clustering (third technique) the same as the second technique using distance, because the distance will get shorter and shorter which will appear as clustering.
Great, thank you.
this lesson is good ,i will practise it for sometime thanks
I’ve always read and known about HH HL and LL, LH. But Justin has just approached the concept in a totally different and effective light that has revolutionized my understanding of the trend and ultimately my trading experience. Thanks a ton!!
Brilliant Tutorial told a hidden Secrets ….. Literally i was confused to identify trend but now i am well confident after read this tutorial …. Thank so much Sir, Bennett … please keep it up.
Hi in this blog you give very useful information about trading. The best thing any trader can do for themselves whether they are attempting to decipher trend strength or identify key levels is to get back to basics. Every market has its story to tell, and every story can be translated using swing highs and lows. Trading in forex and stock market is good investment in financial market.
Hi Justin: I came across your site a few days ago and trust me I’ve been glued to it since. By far the most informative, balanced and realistic description/depiction of swing trading. A big thank you for sharing your knowledge and experience. Also, I really enjoy your style of writing, keeps the reader engaged. Many thanks again.
You simplify complex things. You make it easy to quickly grasp concepts/ideas. Thanks a lot.
Appreciate that. Good to know you’re finding the content helpful. Cheers. 🙂
Hello, Thank you for this valuable topic. I want to know how to trade using rejection candle Strategy? What is rejection candle strategy and how does it work? Which key points we remember when rejection candle formed ? Please explain in detail.
Thanks for the information its really helpful….you are the king Boss
I am a beginner but the way u explain ths market it’s marvellous thanks a lot
Providing A Great Information about the forex Trends Strengthen 2023.